There are six different types of car insurance coverage.

If you're in an accident, auto insurance coverage can prevent you from getting financial ruin. Auto plans typically include six categories of coverage. A few of these coverages may be required, while others may be optional, depending on your state.


If you're in an accident that causes property damage, injuries, or the death of another person, car insurance can help you financially.

Different forms of coverage that cover different hazards are included in car insurance packages.

Some kinds of auto insurance are required by law, while some are optional.

You might also want to think about other types of optional coverage.

Clarified: Six Different Types of Automobile Insurance

The following are the six major categories of vehicle insurance coverage:

Liability in the event of a bodily injury (BI)

Liability for Property Damage (PD)

Injury Claims Coverage vs. Healthcare Expenses (PIP)



Car driver who is underweight or insured

Let us just take a deeper look at how each one functions.

Insurance Coverage for Physical Injuries (BI)

If you damage another in an accident for which you are found to be at fault, bodily injury liability insurance is designed to cover their medical expenses. This coverage may apply to you and any other drivers named on your insurance. 1 and 2

Liability Insurance for Property Damage (PD)

Property damage liability insurance also covers you if you're at fault in an accident. It covers the costs of repairs to the other driver's car or other belongings.

It covers any damage you do to the other driver's vehicle or other property. 3

Personal Injury Liability Insurance (PIP) or Hospital Payments Security (PIP)

When you or a passenger in your vehicle is harmed in an accident, medical payments or personal injury protection policy can help pay for medical care.That type of coverage also can pay lost wages if you or a client is unable to work as a result of an accident.result of an accident, as well as funeral expenses if someone in your car died as a result of an accident.  3

Coverage for Collisions

Collision coverage pays for damage to your own vehicle or property after an accident, whereas property damage liability insurance pays for damage to someone else's vehicle or property.    Damages produced by a collision with another vehicle or hitting a stationary object such as a tree or fence are examples of this. 3

Comprehensive insurance coverage

Comprehensive coverage compensates you if your car is lost, stolen, or damaged due to something other than a collision. For example, fire damage, damage from hail and other falling items, and damage caused by animals are all examples of this. 

Coverage for Underinsured and Uninsured Drivers

When you're in an accident and the at-fault driver doesn't have enough insurance, underinsured motorist coverage might protect you. Uninsured motorist coverage is designed to protect you if you are hit by an uninsured driver.

Underinsured motorist coverage is designed to protect you in the event that you are involved in an accident with a driver who does not have any insurance. 3

The lender may compel you to get collision and/or comprehensive coverage and keep it until the loan is paid off if you're financing a vehicle.

State-by-State Insurance Coverage Requirements

Except for New Hampshire, every state requires you to obtain both bodily injury and property damage liability insurance. (To avoid liability coverage in New Hampshire, drivers must meet specific financial responsibility standards.) 4

There are also minimum dollar amounts for the coverage you must have in the other states. There are two dollar limits for bodily injury liability: one per individual and another per accident, although there is just one limit for property damage liability.

The coverage limitations of your insurance premium are frequently expressed as a series of numbers. If your insurance contains a $25,000 bodily harm liability limit per person, a $50,000 bodily harm liability limit per accident, and a $25,000 property damage liability limit, it would be written at 25/50/25.   

It's vital to keep in mind that the minimal coverage restrictions are just that. You can choose to buy coverage over those limits, which is usually a good idea.

Your state determines whether you must have medical payments/PIP insurance, collision coverage, comprehensive coverage, or underinsured/uninsured motorist coverage. And, once again, the minimum coverage amounts required for each one can differ.

Other Types of Optional Automobile Insurance

Depending on the policy,Other than the six forms of car insurance outlined above, you may be able to add other types of car insurance to your coverage.

For instance, consider the following:

Towing and roadside assistance insurance

Replacement coverage for a new car

Insurance to cover the gap

Insurance for towing and labor

Coverage for car rental payment

There really are various situations that may necessitate the purchase of specialized insurance. If you have a classic or antique car, for example, you may require insurance that considers the car's age, worth, and how often you use it. You can also get specialized coverage for a car you keep in storage or if you use it to provide ride-sharing services.

When You Don't Have Car Insurance, What Happens?

Driving a car while intoxicated is illegal no matter where it is located.

Driving a vehicle without car insurance (or, in the case of New Hampshire, completing responsiblity criteria) is illegal. If you're in an accident, financial responsibility regulations demand you to show proof that you can cover the costs yourself.) 6

Several things can happen if you drive without insurance and get into an accident. Secondly, depending on the rules in your state and the circumstances of the collision, you could be ticketed and/or punished with a driving offense. Your driver's license may be temporarily suspended at the very least. 6

In addition, if you're at fault in the collision and inflict physical injury or property damage, you could face a civil lawsuit. You could be held liable for damages if you don't have insurance.

Car Insurance Comparison Shopping

If you really need car insurance, it's a good idea to look into several firms and coverage firstly. Then acquire prices from a few different insurance companies. Pay close attention to the rates and deductibles of the insurance so you can do an accurate cost analysis.

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